18 Januari 2018

Indonesia, Turkey Team up to Develop HALE Military Drones with Max Height 40,000 Feet

18 Januari 2018

ANKA-TP (SIHA- Strategic Unmanned Aerial Vehicle), a 5+ ton, turbo-prop powered, High Altitude Long Endurance (HALE) version of the ANKA is also being planned. TAI officials have announced that the Strategic Unmanned Aerial Vehicle version named ANKA-TP will feature a new mission computer, airframe and have the ability to carry between 1 and 1.5 Tons in armament. It will have a span of 23 meters, speed of between 200 and 250 knots and a cruising altitude of 40,000+ ft. (photo : TAI)

Indonesia, Turkey Team up to Develop Military Drones

Aircraft company PT Dirgantara Indonesia (PTDI) is collaborating with Turkish Aerospace Industries (TAI) to produce unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs), which are capable of flying at a maximum height of 40,000 feet.

“TAI has lengthy experience in building high-altitude UAVs. So we will collaborate with them in the project,” said PTDI president director Elfien Goentoro in Bandung on Monday.

TAI has developed UAVs or drones that are used by the Turkish Military and operated at a height of 20,000 feet. They are capable of being equipped with night vision and weapons systems.

Elfien said PTDI was currently developing a medium-altitude long-endurance UAV.

PTDI production director Arie Wibowo added that the government wanted to ensure that collaboration between PTDI and TAI in producing lightweight UAVs take place to reduce dependency on manufacturers in Western countries.

“We need an experienced firm like TAI, a firm from a Muslim country with an advanced technology in the aviation industry,” said Arie, adding that several other firms were only interested in direct selling, not technology transfer.

The UAV project is projected to be completed within one to three years, Arie said, adding that PTDI and TAI also planned to develop CN-235 and N219 planes, PTDI’s two flagship products.

Meanwhile, TAI CEO and president Temel Kotil expressed hope that the collaboration would result in the production of high-quality UAVs, saying that PTDI had a reputation as a major player in the Asian aerospace industry. 

(The Jakarta Post)

Palace had Special Interest in Navy’s Selection of Weapons System Supplier

18 Januari 2018

Hanwha CMS (image : Hanwha)

Malacañang Palace took special interest in the Philippine Navy’s controversial selection of the weapons system supplier for the P15.7-billion frigate program as early as January 2017, the Inquirer learned recently.

Documents obtained by the Inquirer showed that in a span of two weeks in January 2017, the Palace, the Department of National Defense (DND), and the Navy discussed the issue hounding the combat management systems (CMS) of the Navy’s frigate program.

It included a letter to President Rodrigo Duterte from the Navy explaining why it preferred Tacticos CMS of Thales Nederlands, Inc. over Hanwha Thales (HTC) for the CMS of the frigates.

Malacañang’s attention to the CMS was indicated in a marginal note, dated Jan. 12, 2017, made by Defense Secretary Delfin Lorenzana to Vice Adm. Ronald Joseph Mercado, then Navy flag officer-in-command (FOIC).

“To Admiral Mercado,” Lorenzana wrote on a post it. “Ronald, This was given to me by Bong Go. Go over it and prepare a report/rebuttal to be submitted to the Pres.”

The Defense chief then affixed his signature.

Go is Duterte’s right hand man, who was formally given a Palace position as the special assistant to the president (SAP) and head of the Presidential Management Staff (PMS).

Palace preference for Hanwha over Tacticos Thales

The letter from Go, written in broken English, claimed that while “Thales CMS,” apparently referring to Tacticos CMS, has “many sales records of CMS in many countries including Korea… the End-Users of the many countries has (sic) been suffering from their poor supports (sic) of logistics services and upgrade or modernization of their outdated CMS because they are putting all non-recurring/ development costs for the logistics and upgrade to the foreign customer only due to small number of ships in their home countries with high margin as their profits policy.”

The letter said that the Korean Navy was set to “discard” Thales from its “OEM [original equipment manufacturer] portfolios” because of the above-stated reason.

It also said that “Hanwha will provide Philippines Navy (sic) the most economic and effective logistics and upgrade etc. (almost free riding or on boarding) after delivery or (sic) brand new CMS with the logistic supports based on large number of government funding supports.”

Tacticos CMS (image : Thales)

Moreover, Hanwha was prepared to provide “real time 24 hours logistics support in every fleet of Korean (N)avy and will establish a team for Philippines Navy in their fleet with real time network with Korean teams.”

The letter mentioned that the Navy prefers Tacticos CMS because of its compatibility with the Tactical Data Link (TDL) 16, a requirement of the Armed Forces of the Philippines (AFP) C4ISTAR (Command, Control, Communications, Computers, Information/Intelligence, Surveillance, Targeting Acquisition and Reconnaissance).

But the letter insisted that Hanwha is developing its own “Link 16 with CMS that will be validated within 2019”, before the delivery of the first frigate in 2020.

The letter also belied the supposed claim of the Navy that Hanwha “doesn’t have export records out of Korea” and listed the Royal Malaysian Navy and the Korean Navy as some of its clients.

Navy insists on Tacticos Thales

In Empedrad’s letter to Duterte, he said that the FAP PMT “preferred Tacticos CMS over Naval Shield ICMS” because Tacticos CMS “is one of the leading Combat Management Systems in the world considering that it is being used by 23 foreign countries to over 172 ships.”

Tacticos CMS is also compatible with the TDL 16 requirement of the AFP, while “Hanwha’s Naval Shield ICMS’ compatibility with TDL 16 is still under development phase but could not be operational by 2019,” Empedrad said.

“HTC’s claim that many countries using Tacticos have been suffering from their poor support of logistics and upgrade of their outdated CMS cannot be validated for there is no available verified report which supports said allegation,” he said.

“In addition, there have been repeat orders from Germany, Indonesia, and Turkey that indicate their satisfaction on Tacticos CMS,” Empedrad told the President.

Empedrad also said that while HTC offers to provide a “most economic and effective logistics and upgrade, etc” it was something that would need to be validated “later on.”

“In view of the foregoing, the Frigate Acquisition Project PMT sustains its preference on Tacticos of Thales Nederlands as the CMS for the two (2) PN Frigates,” Empedrad said.

He also attached to the letter to Duterte a power point presentation “for the detailed justifications.”

Empedrad is now the acting Navy flag officer-in-command after the unceremonious firing of Mercado on Dec. 19, supposedly for pushing for Tacticos Thales as the Navy frigate’s CMS supplier when the Department of Defense had already chosen Hanwha Thales Co.

Curiously, the HTC consortium was dissolved in October 2016, and Hanwha renamed itself as “Hanwha Systems.”

The Thales Group is a French multinational company that caters to the aerospace, defense, transportation and security markets.

See full article Inquirer

Kendaraan KAPA dan LVT-7A1 Latihan Menjelang Berangkat ke Bima

18 Januari 2018

Uji kendaraan KAPA K-61 dan LVT-7 Korps Marinir (all photos : Korps Marinir)

Kendaraan Tempur Batalyon KAPA-1 MAR Diuji Arung Laut

Dispen Kormar (Surabaya). sebanyak 9 unit Kendaraan Tempur (Ranpur) Batalyon Kendaraan Amfibi Pengangkut Artileri-1 Marinir (Kapa-1 Mar) di uji arung laut, dalam rangka kesiapan Latihan Satuan Lanjutan (LSL) III TW IV TA. 2017 di Dermaga Satfib Koarmatim Semampir Ujung Surabaya. Selasa, (16/01/2018).

Ranpur yang digunakan dalam kegiatan ini adalah berjenis Ranpur Kapa 61 dimana kemampuan dari kendaraan Kapa 61 ini selain kendaraan amfibi adalah dapat mengangkut material tempur Howitser maupun kendaraan taktis (Rantis) dari Kapal perang menuju daratan dalam sebuah serbuan di pantai pendaratan yang dikuasai musuh.

Uji arung Ranpur Kapa 61 ini bertujuan, untuk melihat kesiapan Ranpur dan personil dalam menyongsong latihan LSL III TW IV TA.2017 yang direncanakan bertempat di Kota Bima Nusa Tenggara Barat (NTB). Hal ini seperti yang disampaikan oleh perwira Seksi Operasi (Pasiops) Batalyon Kapa-1 Mar Mayor Mar I. Wayan .AP. yang juga bertindak selaku Perwira Penasehat Latihan  (Palaklat) Uji Layak Ranpur Kapa 61.

Selain jajaran Batalyon Kapa-1 Mar kegiatan ini turut melibatkan 1 Tim dari Batalyon Intai Amfibi-1 Mar dan 1 Tim dari Batalyon Kesehatan-1 Mar, serta disaksikan langsung oleh Komandan Batalyon Kapa-1 Mar Letkol Mar Muhson S.E.M.Tr.Hanla. yang juga bertindak selaku Pimpinan Latihan LSL III TW IV TA.2017. (Marinir)

Batalyon RANRATFIB-1 MAR Laksanakan Uji Arung Ranpur LVT-7A1

Dispen Kormar (Jakarta). Batalyon Kendaraan Pendarat Amfibi-1 Marinir (Ranratfib-1 Mar) melaksanakan Uji arung 5 Unit Kendaraan Tempur (Ranpur) LVT-7A1 bertempat di kolam rampa Detasemen Pemeliharaan (Denhar) Karangpilang Surabaya, Senin (15/01/2018). 

Uji Arung dilaksanakan dalam rangka mempersiapkan material tempur khususnya Ranpur LVT-7A1 guna mendukung Latihan Pendaratan Triwulan (TW) IV Tahun 2017 yang rencananya akan di gelar di kota Bima.

Kegiatan diawali dengan penyiapan Ranpur terlebih dahulu oleh kru material masing-masing sebelum melaksanakan Uji Arung, serta mengecek pompa penyedot air yang ada di Ranpur. Usai melaksanakan penyiapan Ranpur kemudian dilanjutkan dengan uji Arung yang di laksanakan di Kolam uji arung Denhar Karangpilang Surabaya.

Dalam pelaksanannya, uji arung ini langsung diawasi oleh Tim Harwat Batalyon Ranratfib-1 Mar yang di bantu oleh Tim SAR dari Batalyon Intai Amfibi -1 Marinir (Taifib-1Mar) dan satu Tim kesehatan dari Batalyon Kesehatan-1 Marinir. 

Hadir dalam kegiatan ini Danyon Ranratfib-1 Mar Mayor Mar Agus Setiadi,S.H.,M.Tr.Hanla, Perwira Seksi Operasional Batalyon Ranratfib-1 Mar Kapten Mar Yalesesa Milwa Suga. (Marinir)

Batalyon KAPA-1 MAR Gelar Latihan PMDB KAPA di Kesatrian Sopraptono

Dispen Kormar (Surabaya). Batalyon Kendaraan Amfibi Pengangkut Artileri-1 Marinir (Kapa-1 Mar) mengelar latihan Pelayanan Meriam Dinas Baterai (PMDB) Kapa di Kesatrian Soepraptono Semarung Ujung Surabaya. Rabu,(17/01/2018).

PMDB Kapa ini merupakan kegiatan latihan yang melibatkan dua unsur satuan yaitu Batalyon Kapa-1 Mar dan Batalyon Howitser-1 Mar dimana sesuai fungsi Korps Marinir sebagai pasukan pendarat, maka kerjasama antar satuan saling memegang peran di tiap bagian masing masing, hal ini menunjukkan bahwa Korps Marinir adalah satu.

Kegiatan yang melibatkan Kendaraan Tempur (Ranpur) Kapa 61 dengan Meriam Howitser 105 mm ini, disaksikan langsung oleh Komandan Batalyon Kapa-1 Mar Letkol Mar Muhson S.E.M.Tr.Hanla., yang didampingi oleh Perwira Seksi Operasi Batalyon Kapa-1 Mar Mayor Mar I Wayan Agus P. dan bertindak selaku perwira pelaksana latihan Kapten Mar Ahmad Saiful Anwar.

Menurut Komandan Batalyon Kapa-1 Mar maksud dan tujuan digelarnya latihan PMDB Kapa ini adalah untuk memberikan pengertian kepada seluruh personil yang terlibat latihan, tentang prosedur dan tata kerja PMDB Kapa agar dapat digunakan sebagai pedoman bagi setiap prajurit dalam melaksanakan tugas baik didarat maupun di laut, sehingga dapat tercapai hasil yang baik.

“Tetap jaga keselamatan dalam bekerja, dan asah terus kemampuan kalian dalam menjalankan semua problem yang dilatihkan, sehingga hasil dari kegiatan ini bisa dijadikan patokan tentang kesiapan kalian dalam menjalani tugas operasi maupun latihan nantinya” pungkas perwira berpangkat Letkol Marinir.  (Marinir)

Vietnam Starts Producing Russian Anti-Matériel Rifles

18 Januari 2018

Vietnam has started production of the Russian OSV-96 12.7 mm self-loading anti-materiel rifle. (photo : Vitaly V. Kuzmin)

Vietnam’s military-run Z111 defence factory has started producing the Russian OSV-96 12.7 mm self-loading anti-matériel rifle, according to news reports in the Southeast Asian country. Reports on 16 January said the factory recently demonstrated the rifle to Vietnam’s Vice President Dang Thi Ngoc Thinh.

The reports confirm developments announced by the Vietnam Ministry of National Defence (MND) in late 2017, in which it said local industry has developed capability to produce under licence 12.7 mm guns that can reach a range of 1,800 m and can penetrate light armoured vehicles. The MND did not specify the type of gun but said it was of Russian design.

Production of the OSV-96 is supported by a collaboration arrangement with Russia’s Tula-based weapons manufacturer, the KBP Instrument Design Bureau, in line with Vietnam’s efforts to expand its defence industrial partnership with Russia, its primary military supplier.

Reports said KBP has transferred technologies to the Z111 factory to facilitate the licenced production project. The rifle is being supplied to the People’s Army of Vietnam (PAVN).


Indonesia Disbands Patrol Boat Units of Eastern, Western Fleets

18 Januari 2018

The Indonesian Navy is reorganising the deployment and reporting structure of its patrol boat units. Move aimed at improving maritime security, especially in the country’s more remote waters. (photo : Batampos)

In a bid to further improve naval presence across its vast archipelago, the Indonesian Navy (Tentara Nasional Indonesia – Angkatan Laut, or TNI-AL) will disband patrol boat units from the Eastern and Western fleets, a source close to the decision told Jane’s on 15 January.

Vessels under the strength of these units, which are referred to by the TNI-AL as SATROL ARMATIM and SATROL ARMABAR respectively according to Indonesian abbreviations, will now be re-distributed across 14 main naval bases (LANTAMALs) across the Indonesian archipelago.


17 Januari 2018

Indian Navy Plans to Acquire its Third Aircraft Carrier for a Whopping Rs 1.6 Lakh Crore (25 Bio USD)

17 Januari 2018

The Indian Navy has one operational aircraft carrier, INS Vikramaditya (pictured above), while INS Vikrant is under construction. (photo : Indian Navy)

The Indian Navy is moving ahead with a big-ticket proposal for acquiring its third aircraft carrier which is expected to cost around Rs 1.6 lakh crore along with the additional component of 57 fighter aircraft.

The Navy has one operational aircraft carrier in the INS Vikramaditya while another one, INS Vikrant, is under construction at the Cochin Shipyard Limited (CSL) and is expected to join service in the next few years.

“The Navy is planning to field its Rs 70,000 crore proposal before the defence ministry in near future which will cost around Rs 1.6 lakh crore at the approval stage itself along with the fighter plane component and the actual costs will go higher further as the programme moves ahead,” government sources told Mail Today.

The Navy has plans of buying 57 twin-engine fighter planes for the third aircraft carrier for which American F-18 and French Dassault Rafale are in the race.

“If one goes by the cost of the 36 Rafales acquired for the Air Force, the 57 planes are not going to cost us less than Rs 90,000-95,000 crore,” the sources said.

Citing the Chinese threat, the Navy had been asking for construction of the third nuclearpowered aircraft carrier using American technology and systems which is going to be far more expensive in comparison with the existing systems.

The Navy has been arguing that it should have one aircraft carrier each for the eastern and western sea boards with one aircraft carrier in reserve to take care of the time taken for refit and repair of any of the two carriers.

However, the defence ministry is not very keen on the project due to the high costs involved in it and it would force the government to change its acquisition plans for the coming years compelling it to wait list a number of other urgently required weapon systems of the Army and the Air Force, sources said.

The cost of equipment for the aircraft carrier take-off patented by an American private sector firm will also be a major factor in determining the final cost of the carrier for India, the sources said.

For buying the aircraft for the aircraft carrier, the Navy had floated a request for information (RFI) but it has not got any clearance from the defence ministry for issuing the tender for the project.

However, the Navy has already allowed the vendors to give it a presentation on whether their planes would be able to take off from the Russian-origin INS Vikramaditya or not. Defence ministry sources also said the need for further expanding the aircraft carrier fleet needs to be thought over again as all targets and routes in the Indian Ocean Region (IOR) can be looked after well by the existing assets and bases in the area.

Due to this reason, the defence ministry had refused to clear the five-year programme of the Navy as agreeing to it would required at least doubling the current acquisition budget of the ministry.

The government of India already spends 28 per cent of its total acquisition budget on fulfilling the requirements of the three services and increasing it to a higher level does not seem possible in the near future, sources said.

(India Today)

KSAL : TNI AL Akan Mengakuisisi 2 Kapal Destroyer

17 Januari 2018

Kapal Destroyer melakukan demo penembakan VL-ASROC (photo : Navy Recognition)

Dalam acara penanda-tanganan Kontrak Kolektif Pengadaan Barang dan Jasa 2018 di TNI AL yang dilakukan pada 12 Januari 2018, yang meliputi 173 kontrak senilai Rp 813 Milyar untuk berbagai satuan di lingkungan TNI AL, turut hadir KSAL, pejabat Kementerian Pertahanan dan petinggi TNI serta TNI AL lainnya.

Meskipun dalam acara tersebut kontrak kolektif yang dilakukan adalah untuk non-alutsista, namun KSAL yang hadir dalam acara tersebut banyak ditanya wartawan tentang rencana pengadaan alutsista di TNI AL untuk tahun 2018.

Dalam kurun 2015-2019 rencana Kementerian Pertahanan untuk TNI AL adalah  pengadaan kapal perang meliputi kapal selam, fregat, kapal buru ranjau, kapal OPV, kapal cepat rudal, LPD, LST, kapal patroli serta kapal bantu lainnya.

Khusus untuk pengadaan kapal fregat telah direncanakan pembelian 4 kapal baru untuk melengkapi 2 fregat kelas PKR 105 yang telah diakuisisi pada periode 2010-2014, enam kapal fregat ini untuk menggantikan kapal fregat Ahmad Yani class yang sudah menua.

Dalam wawancara dengan wartawan, KSAL Laksamana Ade Supandi seperti termuat dalam video yang diupload oleh CNN-Indonesia pada tanggal 16 Januari 2018 mengatakan:

"Nanti ada kemungkinan untuk 2 fregat itu kita harapkan kelasnya dinaikkan, mungkin sekelas destroyer, supaya lebih besar supaya gagah kita itu. Lihat negara sekeliling kita India  sudah memiliki sekitar 40 kapal destroyer, kemudian Malaysia, Singapura sudah punya dan Vietnam sedang membangun".

Kapal destroyer/perusak adalah kapal turunan dari kapal cruiser/penjelajah sehingga dapat melaksanakan operasi secara mandiri, mempunyai endurance lebih lama, mampu beroperasi jauh di luar negaranya, mempunyai kapabilitas serangan ke darat, peralatan pengendus dan sistem manajemen pertempuran lebih cepat dan lebih jauh jaraknya, dapat membawa persenjataan lebih banyak dan lebih jauh jaraknya, serta dapat membawa helikopter lebih dari satu, serta beberapa kelebihan lainnya.

Target MEF 2024 untuk TNI AL

Dalam MEF 2024 TNI AL versi awal dikenal target minimal (151 kapal), standar (220 kapal), dan ideal (274 kapal), untuk striking force minimal harus ada 4 kapal selam/KS, 8 kapal Perusak Kawal Rudal/PKR, dan 8 kapal Kawal Korvet/KK. Untuk PKR dan KK telah ada kapal Ahmad Yani class (6 kapal), Bung Tomo class (3 kapal), Fatahillah class (3 kapal), Diponegoro class (4 kapal), dan 1 fregat latih Ki Hajar Dewantoro, total ada 17 kapal.

Dari kebutuhan minimal 16 kapal PKR+KK sudah tersedia 17 kapal, artinya sudah cukup, tinggal masalah kesiapan kapal. Dari sisi ini, Fatahillah class (commissioning tahun 1979) telah diputuskan untuk dilakukan MLU, sedangkan Van Speijk class (commissioning tahun 1967) diputuskan untuk dipensiunkan. Keseluruhan program ini akan selesai pada periode 2015-2019.

KS dari kebutuhan minimal 4 kapal telah dilakukan perubahan menjadi 12 kapal dan akhirnya diturunkan lagi menjadi 8 kapal, Untuk kapal selam telah ada Cakra class sebanyak 2 kapal (commissioning 1981) dan Nagapasa class sebanyak 3 kapal (commisioning 2017). Pemenuhan kapal inilah yang akan mengisi anggaran TNI AL pada tahun 2018-2019 (3 kapal) dan 2020-2024 (2 kapal jika Cakra class dipensiunkan).

Pembelian 2 destroyer akan mendongkrak kemampuan TNI AL sehingga dapat melakukan proyeksi kekuatan jauh di luar pangkalan (photo : Naval Technology)

TNI AL dan Kapal Destroyer

Bagi TNI AL jenis kapal Destroyer bukanlah sesuatu yang baru, Armada TNI AL pada tahun 1960-an diperkuat dengan  1 Kapal Penjelajah, 8 Kapal Destroyer 10 Kapal Fregat, 2 Kapal Korvet ASW serta 12 Kapal Selam. Armada ini merupakan Armada terkuat TNI AL sepanjang sejarah berdirinya sehingga sangat disegani dunia.

Keinginan TNI AL untuk mengakuisisi Kapal Destroyer muncul lagi pada periode 2005-2007 jaman KSAL dipimpin oleh Laksamana Slamet Subiyanto yang berkeinginan untuk membeli 2 kapal destroyer Sovremenny class bekas dari Rusia, kapal destroyer ini mempunyai panjang 156 m dan bobot penuh 6.600 ton. Keinginan tersebut batal seiring dengan perubahan kebijakan untuk mengutamakan pembelian kapal perang baru oleh Kementerian Pertahanan.

Kontestan Kapal Destroyer
Untuk menggantikan 6 kapal fregat Ahmad Yani class/Van Speijk class (panjang 113 m, berat 2.850 ton), Kementerian Pertahanan telah memilih 4 kapal dari tipe Sigma 10514 class (panjang 105m, berat 2.365 ton), sedangkan 2 lagi adalah kapal Destroyer.

Hingga saat ini setidaknya telah ada 6 negara menawarkan kapal Destroyer kepada TNI AL, untuk 6 tipe tersebut, kapalnya pernah singgah di Indonesia atau pernah ditengok oleh delegasi Kementerian Pertahanan/TNI AL di negara asalnya.

Ada 3 sodoran kapal yang dapat difungsikan sebagai destroyer yang berasal dari Barat yaitu Iver Huitfield class dari Denmark (panjang 138 m, berat 6.645 ton), FREMM class dari Prancis-Italia (panjang 144 m, berat 6.700 ton), dan DZP class dari Belanda (panjang 144m, berat 6.050 ton).

Tidak kalah menariknya adalah 3 sodoran kapal dari Timur yaitu Chungmugong Yi Sun-sin class/KDX-II class dari Korea Selatan (panjang 150 m, berat 5.500 ton), Talwar/Shivalik class dari Rusia (panjang 142 m, berat 6.200 ton), dan Type 052C class (Luyang II class) dari China (panjang 155m, berat 7.000 ton).

Daftar mungkin saja akan bertambah setelah Kementerian Pertahanan resmi membuka tender pengadaan kapal ini. Pemenang yang dipilih tentu saja kapal yang sanggup memenuhi kriteria sistem senjata terpadu TNI AL, memenuhi bajet yang tersedia, dan tentu saja sanggup memenuhi ketentuan Undang Nomor 16 tahun 2012 tentang Industri Pertahanan, khususnya mengenai transfer of technology, dan local content.

(Defense Studies)